Few movements have had such a profound and lasting impact on art, design, culture, architecture, furniture, fashion, typography – even music – as the Bauhaus, especially given its lifespan of just 14 years. From Marcel Breuer's iconic Wassily chair and the Barcelona chair by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich, to the Nesting tables by Josef Albers and the Curt Fischer-designed Midgard lamp that later inspired the famous Anglepoise lamp, the influence of Bauhaus is so far-reaching that it has formed part of our daily lives, without our being consciously aware of it.
The Bauhaus movement and school of design, founded in Weimar, Germany by architect Walter Gropius in 1919, celebrates its centenary this year. It became the leading artistic movement in the early 20th century, fuelled by artists such as Piet Mondrian, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. The elaborate and decorative style of art deco was replaced by a more modern approach to design that employed contrasting colours and geometric forms, emphasising simplicity and stripping back to the basics. Its less-is-more principle has stayed in fashion, even after a century: clean and simple designs are still warmly and widely embraced.
In this issue of Perspective, we celebrate the centenary in typical Bauhaus fashion with a cover that pays tribute to this era-defining movement. The celebration continues with a few exhibitions in Hong Kong. Look out for the Projekt Berlin festival organised by Tai Kwun that includes the Bauhaus Meets Hong Kong film screening, which takes us on a historical Bauhaus journey, and the Spinning Triangles: Ignition of a School of Design exhibition at Para Site. For details, see our Bauhaus feature on page 56.