The new €37.5m (£27.6m) Transfer Terminal at Arnhem Central Station in the Netherlands has been completed by UNStudio
The result of a 20-year project that was masterplanned by UNStudio, the station has undergone a thorough redevelopment of its wider area. Housing commercial areas and a conference centre, the new new terminal also provide links to the nearby office plaza, the city centre, the underground parking garage and the Park Sonsbeek. The area around the station will become a destination in its own right, with the 160,000 sq-m being transformed into offices, shops and a cinema complex.
A feature of the 21,750 sq-m Transfer Terminal is the dramatic twisting roof geometry, which enables column-free spans of up to 60m. The studio aimed to blur the distinctions between inside and outside by continuing the urban landscape into the interior of the transfer hall, where ceilings, walls and floors all seamlessly transition into one another. These features were made possible by abandoning traditional construction methods and materials; much lighter steel replaced concrete – originally intended for the station – and was constructed using boat building techniques on a scale never before attempted.
"Arnhem Central is no longer just a train station. It has become a transfer hub. We wanted to give a new and vital impetus to station design, so rather than merely designing the station around the activities and people flows that already took place there, the expanded architecture of the new Transfer Terminal directs and determines how people use and move around the building" said Ben van Berkel, founder and principal architect of UNStudio.
It is anticipated that the new Transfer Terminal, which replaces a 1950s train station, will facilitate economic growth by enabling a vastly increased daily passenger flow to the city of 110,000 commuters per day in 2020.